How to perform Dhikr / Tasbih
TASBIH AZ ZAHRA
Through an authentic (i.e. sahih) chain of authority, Imam al-Sadiq(a.s.) is reported to have said, “Whoever glorifies Almighty Allah with the doxology (Tasbih) of Fatimah (a.s.) before he extends his legs after an obligatory prayer, Almighty Allah will forgive him and Paradise will be absolutely decided for him.”
Through another valid (i.e. mu’tabar) chain of authority, Imam al-Sadiq(a.s.) is reported to have said, “The doxology of Fatimah al-Zahra’(a.s.) subsequent to every obligatory prayer is dearer to me than offering one thousand units of prayer every day.”
Although traditions have not mentioned a unanimous method of Tasbih al-Zahra’, the most famous and apparent method is as follows:
Repeat the following phrase thirty-four times:
Repeat the following phrase thirty-three times:
Repeat the following phrase thirty-three times:
However, some traditions have mentioned that the last statement (i.e. subhana allahi) is preceded to the second (i.e. alhamdu lillahi). Some scholars have therefore tried to bring all the traditions to agreement, by saying that the earlier method may be said after the obligatory prayers while the latter may be said before sleep. However, the earlier method, which is the most famous, may be apparently applied before sleep and after obligatory prayers. It is a tradition (i.e. confirmedly recommended) to say the following statement after accomplishing Tasbih al-Zahra’:
لا اله الا الله
Imam al-Sadiq(a.s.) is reported to have said, “Whoever glorifies (Almighty Allah) with Tasbih al-Zahra’ after every obligatory prayer and follows it with la ilaha illaAllahu, Almighty Allah will forgive him.”
ROSARY MADE OF THE TURBAT OF IMAM AL HUSAYN (A)
It is most favourable to count the number of the statements of Tasbih al-Zahra’ with a rosary made of the soil of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb, which is a tradition in all religious rites. It is also recommended to carry at all times such a rosary, which protects from misfortunes and brings about endless rewards.
It is reported that the rosary of Lady Fatimah (a.s.) was made of woolen knotted string. She used to turn it with her hand while uttering statements of glorifying and professing Almighty Allah’s all-greatness. When Hamzah ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, may Allah be pleased with him, was martyred, she made a rosary from the soil of his tomb, and people followed her in that. When Imam al-Husayn the master of martyrs (a.s.) was martyred, people used rosaries made of the soil of his tomb. In this respect, the Awaited Imam (a.s.) is reported to have said, “Whoever forgets to mention Almighty Allah while having a rosary made of the soil of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb in the hand, the reward of remembrance will be recorded for him.”
Imam al-Sadiq(a.s.) is reported to have said, “A rosary that is made of the soil of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb glorifies Almighty Allah in the hand of its bearer although the bearer does not say anything.”
Imam al-Sadiq(a.s.) is also reported as saying, “Whoever turns a bead of a rosary made of the soil of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb and implores Almighty Allah’s forgiveness one time, Almighty Allah will record for him the reward of imploring His forgiveness seventy times. If one holds that rosary in the hand without saying anything, seven rewards for each bead will be recorded for him.”
According to another form of this tradition, “If one turns the bead uttering a statement of mentioning Almighty Allah, forty rewards for each bead will be recorded for him.”
It is also reported that the Paradisiacal Women (i.e. al-Hur al-’In), whenever they see an angel descending to the earth for any mission, ask him to bring them rosaries and prostration-clays made of the soil of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb.
In an authentic tradition, Imam Musa al-Kazim (a.s.) is reported to have said, “A true believer must not be lacking five things: a teeth-brushing stick (i.e. siwak), a comb, a prostration rug, a thirty-four bead rosary, and a ring whose stone is made of agate.”
Imam al-Sadiq(a.s.) is reported to have said, “Whoever glorifies Almighty Allah with a rosary of the clay of Imam al-Husayn’s tomb, Almighty Allah will record for him four hundred rewards, erase four hundred sins he has committed, grant him four hundred requests, and raise him four hundred ranks.”
It is also reported that the string of such rosaries may advisably be blue. Some narrations have suggested that it is better for women to use their fingertips in counting, but the narrations that have reported the recommendation of using rosaries made of clay are bigger in number and more authentic.
For references on hadith you can refer to Mafatih al Jinan in the margin of Al-Baqiyat al-salihat
Search for Tasbih al Zahra